Steps For Preparing An Effective Oral Presentation

Hey pal,

Don’t mind the informal me, I just seem to love that ‘down-to-earthness’ – I personally believe that such disposition is a better facilitator of effective communication.

Without much ado, I am going to share to you some ideas on what I can safely call most people’s nightmare (next to examinations, of course) – An Effective Oral Presentation.

The evolving nature of education has seen many lecturers and teachers adopt oral examinations as an integral part of grading students’ performance; that is apart from lines of study such as Medicine (Viva) and Law (mock trials) that already have oral related content as a part of their continuous assessment.

It also affords the teacher the opportunity to do more than just teach but to also be a kind of ‘coach’ that nurtures not only the content but also the delivery of knowledge. As a teacher myself, I do subscribe to this method of teaching; after all, was it not Einstein that said – If you cannot explain it simply, then you do not understand it all.

On the other hand…

Organizations and other platforms have also come to discover the essence of Effective Oral Presentations. How it can move an employee from a zero state of mind to an excited state of mind after a brief but powerful presentation. Businesses are not left out too as it has become a core value that has to be portrayed to convince potential clients about a business idea.

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Essentially, an effective oral presentation is nothing to be scared of. They add some kind of depth to the learning experience. Not having this depth is what we should be scared of. Self-expression is just one of the core pillars of assessing how much and how well a student or presenter has assimilated the content of instructional material.

On the overall, some of the most faced challenges associated with presentations are content and stage management which shall be discussed broadly here.

Whether you are a student, employee, professional or businessman, you sure need this skill to make a good impression. Enjoy these tips, internalize them and start putting them into good practice. At the end of this write-up, you will discover the peculiar challenges of stage fright, how to deal with it and a few tidbits on presentation etiquette.

1. Know the content
Lady reading a book to prepare for a presentation
An Effective Oral Presentation

Nothing breeds confidence like competence and nothing breeds competence like preparation. Being vast in and thoroughly familiar with whatever the subject of a presentation will in no small way reinforce your sense of having something genuinely interesting to offer.

With this in place, the presentation ceases to be a mere talk or some kind of recital. It indeed becomes an active engagement of the audience on a journey of discovery. All you need do is just visualize yourself as a tour guide or a curator in a museum.

All you need do is to relate antecedents, history, origins, facts, figures and aspects of the subject matter in such a way as to stimulate their imagination. You lead the audience on, not exactly projecting yourself but helping them see what needs to be seen. You wouldn’t want to go to the stage and destroy the expectations of people eagerly waiting to listen to you.

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2. Be natural

The mistake a lot of presenters make is thinking that great presentations are all about big vocabularies and sophisticated terms.  May I indulge you in a different perspective – great presentations are all about presentations done in the most natural way. Be calm, relax and flow effortlessly.

Do your presentations like they are your daily routines. Help your audience feel like – “yes, I agree with what he is talking about”. Rather than trying to charm the audience with sophisticated style, be more committed to capturing their imagination through simple cues and vivid expressions. There is a child in everyone, no matter how old. If possible, add a little humour here and there but try not to overdo it. Ensure you stay on track.

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3. Invoke curiosity
An Effective Oral Presentation

This aspect is what makes your audience hooked until the end of your presentation. They want to know where you are headed. They can’t risk being distracted until you finish. All you need do is reawaken that curious infant in the brief moment of your presentation.

It is for this reason that presentations adopt visual aids and graphical tools. The world-famous PowerPoint computer application also goes hand in hand with projectors – large screens for a clearer, broader view. Where else is such pervasive attention given to pictures and descriptive tools apart from a kindergarten? Such applications show that there is a childlike nature in every man. Invoke it!

4. Give life to figures
Laptop showing analytics
An Effective Oral Presentation

The best way to do this is to put a ‘Point’ of mind-gripping information (pictures, graphs, a phrase or table, flow charts, diagrams or a statistic) on some slides and speaking to them. While the audience is fixated on that slide, all you need do is try to make them see the aspects of the slides that are hidden. Hence, you help to make their imagination make up for the rest of the story.

Such information is alike in features such as introduction, plot build-up, themes climax/anticlimax, a hero and his trials/triumph and so on. And like a good storyteller or the mythical Pied Piper, the story or the music as the case may be, becomes the object of the audience’s attention. The presenter is merely an intermediary.

5. Face the object

Sure, it is not bad to feel weird for a moment. Gain your confidence back by becoming the audience for a moment. Face the presentation with your hands towards the slide, board or what have you? Making this brief move takes a whole lot of burden off as you see that you do not have to be the audience’s object of attention for a while. You can use this moment to stealthily move from your weak points to your strong points as you gain your confidence back.

6. Smile to make an effective impression
Confident man laughing
An Effective Oral Presentation

Not all presentations have to be a serious one looking like a board meeting. It doesn’t have to be a brainstorming session to close a million-dollar deal. Smile if you can. In fact, you should smile. It will reduce any pressure you might be feeling. You never know how powerful a smile can be until you smile at a confused child who looks at you and then returns the smile. While you smile, make good eye contact with them and gesticulate as often as possible. This will create a good impression on your audience and make them connect with you easily.

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7. Intrigue them with stories
The Simplest Ways To Make The Best Of Oral Presentations
An Effective Oral Presentation

Whether it’s a story your grandfather told you or a story you learnt while growing, people would love to listen. Stories are interesting ways to give your audience a light mood. Who doesn’t like the taste of a little icing on the cake or peanuts in the chocolate? Just something a little bit different to ease of the whole seriousness of the atmosphere.

8. Take corrections politely

One mistake people do is to try to show that they know better than their judges. Judges, examiners, instructors or even a member of your audience can come into your presentation abruptly. Prepare your mind ahead for this and don’t fidget. A simple “Noted, sir” or “sorry, I skipped that” would go a long way in determining your final presentation score.

Be courteous and mindful of harsh emotions as you face arguments or oppositions. A wrong approach in dealing with this can ruin everything you have started. So be cool with everyone.

As a matter of fact, who you are and who the audience perceives you to be is a measure of the weight of your words. Hence, it is safer to use universally acceptable codes of conduct and principles of etiquette that will put you in the good graces of the audience.


In summary, your presentation is highly related to your motion, posture, gesture, gesticulation, eye contact, pausing effect, response to applause and so on.

In oral presentations, especially ones that adopt projected information, the words you speak are more important than the words you project. However, the pictures you use are just as important as the words you speak. In no place is the saying truer – a picture is worth more than a thousand words.

Therefore, being in a position where you have to present your own perspective, with your own words and in your own style goes a long way in shaping your intellectual capabilities. It also builds self-confidence in those that eventually master it.

I wish you a hitch-free and mind-blowing experience in your next oral presentation. 😉 . 

Have you had any recent oral presentation? What was the highlight for you?

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Post Author: Ikeoluwa Ogedengbe

Ikeoluwapo loves to paint vivid ideas on the canvas of young minds by engaging the rich, deep and poetic language that captures even the wildest imagination. He is passionate about education - mind you, not just marking time in school but the lifelong interaction with people and the environment that makes one imbibe and absorb information from myriad sources and in the process evolve and become something of a phenomenon by transformation. In summary, he believes that if you want a learning experience, you've got to create it... He is creating one through Explicit Success and he invites you to take on this adventure with him.

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